John 2. Forum Discussion


Before we go too deep into the book of John, it migh be helpful to jump ahead and hear from John the Apostle himself about why he wrote this gospel.

In John 20:30-31, John the Apostle writes, “Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book;but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.”

That is a statement that is worthy of reflection.  John  wrote this gospel so that we will believe. And when we believe, we gain life through the name of Jesus.

Chapter 2 begins with Jesus attending a wedding along with His mother, and His early disciples. When the wedding had run out of wine, Jesus, after some encouragement from Mary, asked the servants to fill six large waterpots with water. Each waterpot could hold approximately 20-30 gallons. So between the six pots, there was a total of 120-180 gallons. Jesus turned the water into wine, and apparently into good wine. After tasting the wine, the headwaiter said, “Every man serves the good wine first, and when the people have drunk freely, then he serves the poorer wine; but you have kept the good wine until now.”

John records that this was only the beginning of the signs that Jesus would perform and that His disciples believed in Him. – John 2-11 

Later in chapter 2, John writes about Jesus cleansing the temple during the first of three Passovers mentioned in John’s Gospel. When Jesus went to Jerusalem, He found people in the temple selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. John goes on to write beginning in verse 15, “And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables;and to those who were selling the doves He said, “Take these things away; stop making My Father’s house a place of business.”His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house will consume me.”The Jews then said to Him, “What sign do You show us as your authority for doing these things?”Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”The Jews then said, “It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?”But He was speaking of the temple of His body.So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.”

It’s important to note that this is not the only time that Jesus would need to cleanse the temple – see Mathew 21, Mark 11 and Luke 19. The other three gospels all record Jesus cleansing the temple much later in His ministry, shortly before He was crucified. Some have said that they believe the timing of Jesus’ cleansing of the temple in the Gospel of John contradicts the timing in the other gospels. This is incorrect and easily explained by the fact that Jesus cleansed the temple on more than one occasion.

So the key takeaways that we will highlight from chapter two are:

  1. Jesus performs a sign by turning 120-180 gallons of water into wine at a wedding they were attending at the request of His mother. Jesus performed this and other signs, “S o that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.” – John 20:30-31 
  2. Jesus cleanses the temple of those that are using it for business for the first of at least two times as recorded in the gospels.
  3. Jesus foretells of His future resurrection when He says, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The Jews thought that He was talking about the temple that took them forty-six years to build and did not recognize that Jesus was talking about the temple of His body.



Virtual Bible Study

Why did Jesus cleanse the temple?

Virtual Bible Study

Because they were not showing reverence to God and using it as a place of worship. They were selling things for profit instead.


Maybe it would be appropriate to say Jesus turned the water into heaven's wine.