Romans 2 Lesson

Hypocrisy and judgment

In chapter 2, Paul points out the dangers of judging others.

Romans 2:13 says:

  • “For it is not the hearers of the Law who are just before God, but the doers of the Law will be justified."

This verse is like another bible verse found in James 2:26:

  • "For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also."

God wants us to put our faith into action.  As we learn more about God, our faith should increase. When our faith increases, we should be moved to act on our faith.  That is a major theme throughout the book of Romans.

Perhaps the best word to sum up chapter 2 is, “Hypocrisy.” Hypocrisy means saying one thing and doing another. Jesus has strong words for those who practice this type of sin.  Consider the following (3) scriptures, all taken from Mathew's Gospel.  These (3) scriptures show us the Lord's disdain for hypocrisy:

  1. “The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses; therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but do not do according to their deeds; for they say things and do not do them.” - Mathew 23:2-4.
  2. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of robbery and self-indulgence. You blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of the dish, so that the outside of it may become clean also.” - Mathew 23:25-26.
  3. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which on the outside appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness. So you, too, outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.” - Mathew 23:27-28.

God wants us to be trustworthy.   When we say something, people need to know that they can count on what we are saying to be honest and true.   Consider the following scriptures that speak to the importance of telling the truth:  

  • “Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth.” - 1 John 3:18.

  • “Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who deal faithfully are His delight.” - Proverbs 12:22.

The second major theme that we see in Romans 2 is judging. Simply put, do not do it. When we stand before God on the day of judgment, we will be held responsible for how we treated others. Did we show them mercy, or did we demand justice?

If we demand justice when it comes to others, but expect mercy when it comes to ourselves, we will be greatly disappointed. Mathew 7:1-2 states:

  • “Do not judge so that you will not be judged. For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you.”

The Bible is full of scriptures telling us not to judge others, including:

  • “Do not judge so that you will not be judged. For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and behold, the log is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye.” - Mathew 7:1-5.

  • “Do not judge and you will not be judged; and do not condemn, and you will not be condemned; pardon, and you will be pardoned.” - Luke 6:37.

Chapter 2 can be summed up with the following two statements:

  1. Do not be a hypocrite. 
  2. Do not judge others.

We will conclude today’s lesson with the following scripture:

  • Now the scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman caught in the act of adultery, and after placing her in the center of the courtyard, they said to Him, “Teacher, this woman has been caught in the very act of committing adultery. Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women; what then do You say?”Now they were saying this to test Him, so that they might have grounds for accusing Him. But Jesus stooped down and with His finger wrote on the ground.When they persisted in asking Him, He straightened up and said to them, He who is without sin among you, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.”And again He stooped down and wrote on the ground.Now when they heard this, they began leaving, one by one, beginning with the older ones, and He was left alone, and the woman where she was, in the center of the courtyard.And straightening up, Jesus said to her, “Woman, where are they? Did no one condemn you?” She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “I do not condemn you, either. Go. From now on do not sin any longer.”– John 8:3-11.



I have often heard it said that the thing we most criticize in others probably reflects one of our own faults. Romans2:1 ...”for you who judge others do the very same things. “So we should leave the judging to God.


Others can be fooled... God judges beyond the veneer and sees our heart, and will righteously judge us all.


How important it is for us to be sincere, pure in heart, which is required for us to "see God." (Matthew 5:8).


Another great verse is Mathew 5:37, "But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one."