Romans 2 Lesson

Hypocrisy And Judgment


Perhaps the best word to sum up Romans Chapter 2 is, “Hypocrisy.”  Hypocrisy means saying one thing and doing another. This practice is identified as sin and Jesus had strong words for those that were acting hypocritically. Consider the following three scriptures. They show us the disdain that Jesus has for the sin of hypocrisy:

  1. “The scribes and the Pharisees have seated themselves in the chair of Moses; therefore all that they tell you, do and observe, but do not do according to their deeds; for they say things and do not do them.” - Mathew 23:2-4,
  2. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of robbery and self-indulgence. You blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of the dish, so that the outside of it may become clean also.” - Mathew 23:25-26,
  3. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which on the outside appear beautiful, but inside they are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness. So you, too, outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.” - Mathew 23:27-28.


God wants us to be trustworthy.   When we say something, people need to know that they can count on what we are saying to be honest and true.   Consider the following three scriptures that speak to the importance of telling the truth:  

  1. “Little children, let us not love with word or with tongue, but in deed and truth.” - 1 John 3:18,  
  2. “Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord, but those who deal faithfully are His delight.” - Proverbs 12:22,
  3. “Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. But let your statement be, ‘Yes, yes’ or ‘No, no;’ anything beyond these is of evil.” – Mathew 5:36-37.


The second major theme that we see in Romans 2 is judging. Simply put, do not do it!

When we stand before God on Judgment Day, we will be held responsible for how we treated others. Did we show them mercy, or did we demand justice?

If we demand justice when it comes to others, but expect mercy when it comes to ourselves, we are being hypocritical, and we will suffer harsh judgment at the appropriate time.  Jesus said in His Sermon On The Mount:

  • “Do not judge so that you will not be judged. For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you.” – Mathew 7:1-2.

Other scriptures about judgment include the following three verses:

  1. “For judgment will be merciless to one who has shown no mercy; mercy triumphs over judgment .” -James 2:13,
  2. “But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you regard your brother with contempt? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God. For it is written, ‘As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to Me, and every tongue shall give praise to God.’ So then each one of us will give an account of himself to God.” – Romans 14:10-12,
  3. “Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather determine this—not to put an obstacle or a stumbling block in a brother’s way. ” - Romans 14:13.


The Bible is full of scriptures telling us not to judge others and not to be hypocritical. As we have just seen, the way that we judge others will have an impact on the way that we are judged ourselves on the Day of Judgment. Therefore, it is extremely important that our behaviors are aligned with the teachings of the Bible.

Romans Chapter 2 can be summed up in the following two statements:

  1. Do not be a hypocrite.
  2. Do not judge others.

We will end today’s lesson with the following scripture taken from the Gospel of John:

  • Now the scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman caught in the act of adultery, and after placing her in the center of the courtyard, they said to Him, “Teacher, this woman has been caught in the very act of committing adultery. Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women; what then do You say?” Now they were saying this to test Him, so that they might have grounds for accusing Him. But Jesus stooped down and with His finger wrote on the ground. When they persisted in asking Him, He straightened up and said to them, “He who is without sin among you, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.” And again He stooped down and wrote on the ground. Now when they heard this, they began leaving, one by one, beginning with the older ones, and He was left alone, and the woman where she was, in the center of the courtyard. And straightening up, Jesus said to her, “Woman, where are they? Did no one condemn you?”  She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “I do not condemn you, either. Go. From now on do not sin any longer.”– John 8:3-11.



I have often heard it said that the thing we most criticize in others probably reflects one of our own faults. Romans2:1 ...”for you who judge others do the very same things. “So we should leave the judging to God.


Others can be fooled... God judges beyond the veneer and sees our heart, and will righteously judge us all.


How important it is for us to be sincere, pure in heart, which is required for us to "see God." (Matthew 5:8).


Another great verse is Mathew 5:37, "But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one."