John 10 Lesson

The Good Shephard

“For God so loved the world, that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish but have eternal life.” – John 3:16.

This is the most quoted scripture in the Bible.  

We all know the scripture, but do we understand the enormity of the gift that God gave us?

In today’s lesson, we will focus on Jesus and why He was called, “The Good Shepard.”   To begin our lesson, we will hear from Jesus, Himself, in His own words, about why He is called, “The Good Shepard.”

  • I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.” – John 10:11.

  • I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.” – John 10:14-15.

What makes a good shepherd?   Today we will look at three characteristics that make a good shepherd.


  1. A good shepherd knows their flock.  
  2. good shepherd loves their flock.
  3. good shepherd protects their flock.

We will now look at these characteristics of Jesus one at a time with supporting scriptures.


At the beginning of today’s lesson, we highlighted the following scripture:

  • “I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.” – John 10:14-15.  

Jesus knows all about us.   He was not only God, but He was also man.   Consider the following three scriptures:

  1. And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us; and we saw His glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.”
  2. “Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, who, as He already existed in the form of God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, butemptied Himself by taking the form of a bond-servant and being born in the likeness of men.    And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death: death on a cross.    For this reason also God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth.” – Philippians 2:5-10.
  3. “For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things just as we are, yet without sin.” – Hebrews 4:15.

As followers of Jesus, we are His flock.   He understands our struggles because He suffered Himself throughout His time on earth.   And if we remain loyal to Him and His teaching, He will advocate for us on the day of judgment.  


As Jesus’ flock, we should never doubt how much He loves us.   Consider the following scriptures:

  • “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” - Romans 5:8.

  • “We love, because He first loved us.” - 1 John 4:19.

  • “Just as the Father has loved Me, I also have loved you; remain in My love.   If you keep My commandments, you will remain in My love; just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and remain in His love.” - John 15:9-17.

We should never doubt how much love our Savior has for us!   He loves us and wants us to follow Him.   That is how we remain in His love, by dying to self and following His commandments.  


Life is full of danger and temptation.   Fortunately for us, we have a loving Savior that is more powerful than any adversary we may face.   Listed below are several scriptures that talk about the protection we can only receive by following Jesus:

  • “These things I have spoken to you so that in Me you may have peace.  In the world you have tribulation but take courage; I have overcome the world.” – John 16:33.

  • Do not fear, for I am with you; Do not be afraid, for I am your God.   I will strengthen you; I will also help you; I will also uphold you with My righteous right hand.” – Isaiah 41:10.

  • “But the Lord is faithful, and He will strengthen and protect you from the evil one.” – 2 Thessalonians 3:3.

We are blessed to have a Savior that knows us, loves us, and protects us.  

We will conclude today’s lesson with the following verse:

  • “He is the stone which was rejected by you, the builders, but which became the chief cornerstone.   And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among mankind by which we must be saved.” – Acts 4:11-12.



Good comments about the Good Shepherd. He faced the danger from those who wanted to destroy Him. The disciples would be devastated, at least for a time. The prophecy from Zechariah 13:7 was "Strike the Shepherd and the sheep will be scattered" and was fulfilled in Matthew 26:31. Thankfully, The Shepherd brought His sheep back together and at Pentecost even more sheep were added. In the Book of Acts we see that when the sheep were scattered again they preached the Word, adding more sheep to the fold. All of this because of the Good Shepherd.


"We follow Him because we recognize His voice." Just like the sheep follow the shepherd. However, we only will recognize His voice if we listen to it frequently. If we tune Him out, we are lost.