John 10 Lesson

Jesus Is The Good Shepherd


Jesus refers to Himself as, “The Good Shepherd,” in the following two scriptures:

  1. “I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.” – John 10:11,
  2. “I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.” – John 10:14-15.

In today’s lesson, we will look at the following three characteristics that make up a good shepherd:

  1. A good shepherd knows their flock,  
  2. A good shepherd loves their flock,
  3. A good shepherd protects their flock.


At the beginning of today’s lesson, we highlighted the following scripture:

  • “I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.” – John 10:14-15.  

Jesus knows all about us.   He was not only God, but He was also man.   Consider the following three scriptures:

  1. “And the Word became fleshand dwelt among us; and we saw His glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.” – John 1:14,
  2. “Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, who, as He already existed in the form of God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but emptied Himself by taking the form of a bond-servant and being born in the likeness of men.    And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death: death on a cross.” - Philippians 2:5-8,
  3. “For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things just as we are, yet without sin.” – Hebrews 4:15.

As followers of Jesus, we are His flock.   He understands our struggles because He suffered Himself throughout His time on earth.   And if we remain loyal to Him and His teaching, He will advocate for us on the Day of Judgment.  


As Jesus’ flock, we should never doubt how much He loves us.   Consider the following three scriptures:

  1. “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” - Romans 5:8,
  2. “We love, because He first loved us.” - 1 John 4:19,
  3. “Just as the Father has loved Me, I also have loved you; remain in My love.   If you keep My commandments, you will remain in My love; just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and remain in His love.” - John 15:9-10.

We should never doubt how much Jesus loves us!   He loves us and wants us to follow Him.   That is how we remain in His love, by dying to self and following His commandments.  


Life is full of danger and temptation.   Fortunately for us, we have a loving Savior that is more powerful than any adversary we may face.   Listed below are three scriptures that talk about the ultimate protection those that follow Jesus receive:

  • “These things I have spoken to you so that in Me you may have peace.  In the world you have tribulation but take courage; Ihave overcome the world.” – John 16:33,

  • “Do not fear, for I am with you; Do not be afraid, for I am your God.   I will strengthen you; I will also help you; I will also uphold you with My righteous right hand.” – Isaiah 41:10,

  • “But the Lord is faithful, and He will strengthen and protect you from the evil one.” – 2 Thessalonians 3:3.


A good shepherd has the following three characteristics:

  1. A good shepherd knows their flock,  
  2. A good shepherd loves their flock,
  3. A good shepherd protects their flock.

Jesus is The Good Shepherd, and we are His flock. This is a high privilege, as there is no greater shepherd to follow than Jesus.

As our shepherd, Jesus knows us, loves us, and protects us. We will conclude today’s lesson with the following verse:

  • “He is the stone which was rejected by you, the builders, but which became the chief cornerstone.   And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among mankind by which we must be saved.” – Acts 4:11-12.



Good comments about the Good Shepherd. He faced the danger from those who wanted to destroy Him. The disciples would be devastated, at least for a time. The prophecy from Zechariah 13:7 was "Strike the Shepherd and the sheep will be scattered" and was fulfilled in Matthew 26:31. Thankfully, The Shepherd brought His sheep back together and at Pentecost even more sheep were added. In the Book of Acts we see that when the sheep were scattered again they preached the Word, adding more sheep to the fold. All of this because of the Good Shepherd.


"We follow Him because we recognize His voice." Just like the sheep follow the shepherd. However, we only will recognize His voice if we listen to it frequently. If we tune Him out, we are lost.