John 19 Lesson


The cornerstones of Christianity are the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus. In today’s lesson, we read about His death and burial. We see how horribly our Savior was treated, and the grace and humility with which He suffered for our sins. There is a lot to be learned from chapter 19.

John starts the chapter by documenting the horrific treatment that Jesus received immediately prior to His crucifixion:

  • Jesus was scourged (whipped).
  • They placed a crown of thorns upon His head.
  • He was placed in a purple robe.
  • People slapped Him and spat upon Him.

It is difficult to read about how the angry and blood-thirsty crowd treated Jesus. There is also a lot that we can learn. Even in the most difficult of circumstances, Jesus teaches us through His example. He shows us His humility, and He shows us how to turn the other cheek.

Mathew records in his gospel, the following words spoken by Jesus about retaliation:

You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.  If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat also.” – Mathew 5:38-40.

What is Jesus trying to tell us here? Jesus is God’s Son. He is deity. He could have called 10,000 angels to set Him free. When they chanted, “Crucify Him!”, He did not defend Himself. When they slapped Him, He did not fight back.

None of us will ever be put in the situation that Jesus was. All of us, however, will be tested. From time to time, we will find ourselves in situations where people are treating us poorly, and we may get the urge to retaliate in some way. The Bible teaches us not to do that. Jesus tells us that instead of retaliating when we are wronged, we are to turn the other cheek.

Consider the following scripture:

“Vengeance is Mine, and retribution,
In due time their foot will slip;
For the day of their calamity is near,
And the impending things are hastening upon them.” – Deuteronomy 32:35.

Vengeance does not belong to us; it belongs to God.

Chapter 19 also reveals how troubled Pilate seemed to be with the events that were taking place under his watch.

Here is a portion of the text from John 19:

Pilate:“Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that I find no guilt in Him.” – John 19:4. 

The Chief Priests and Officers:“Crucify, crucify!” – John 19:6 (a).

Pilate:“Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him.” – John 19:6 (b).

It really does appear that Pilate did not want to see Jesus crucified. Maybe he even believed that Jesus was the Christ? But Pilate did not have the strength to stand up to the raucous crowd, and instead, he gave into peer pressure.

There is a lot of talk about peer pressure, and rightfully so. Peer pressure is real, and as we just saw, it can be enormously powerful.

Virtual Bible Study devoted an entire lesson to the subject of peer pressure. You may access it by clicking the link below:

Virtual Bible Study's lesson on peer pressure

We need to pray to God for the courage to stand true to our morals, even when the crowds urge us not to. This shows our love for God and brings glory to Him. Others will try to get us to partake in the lustful sins of the world. Satan is a formidable adversary, and not to be taken lightly. He knows our weaknesses, and he will continuously try to tempt us. The good news is that when we resist the devil, he moves on to other targets.

“Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. ” – James 4:7.

We will conclude today’s lesson by looking at a powerful exchange that took place between Jesus, Mary, and John.

“But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.  When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, ‘Woman, behold, your son!’ Then He said to the disciple, ‘Behold, your mother!’ From that hour the disciple took her into his own household.” – John 19:25-27.

The disciple whom Jesus loved is believed to be the apostle John, who is also the author of this Gospel. It is interesting that John did not refer to himself in the first person. It also appears that Jesus is making plans for somebody to look after His mother when He is gone, and that He chose, “The disciple whom He loved,” John. In verse 27, Jesus says to John, “Behold your mother!”. From that hour on, John, “Took her into his own household.”

There are two chapters remaining in our study of the Gospel of John. In the final two chapters, we will read about the glorious resurrection of Jesus. Because He was raised, we have hope that we too can be raised. As we navigate through life, may we take to heart the lesson that we have just learned. May we always remember that vengeance belongs to God and that He does not want us to retaliate when we are wronged.



Why did they offer Jesus sour wine?


There are several traditions about why Jesus was offered wine several times. Most hold that the first time Jesus was offered wine, it would have been mixed with gall - which would have a narcotic effect. Jesus refused this. He did not want to numb the pain.

The wine that he was offered just before He died was likely just cheap wine there for the soldiers to drink if they were thirsty. At this point, just moments before His death, Jesus had accomplished what He set out to do. He had taken all of the pain and suffering to pay for our sins.

Jesus was thirsty and took a sip, then gave up the ghost. That is what most studies say on the subject.

I hope that helps!


Amen. Praise God!!