John 19 Lesson



In John Chapter 19, we see how terribly our Savior was treated.   We also see the grace and humility that Jesus showed up to His final breath on the cross.   There is a lot to be learned from chapter 19!   

John starts the chapter by documenting the horrific treatment that Jesus received immediately prior to His crucifixion:

  • Jesus was scourged (whipped),
  • They placed a crown of thorns upon His head,
  • He was placed in a purple robe,
  • People slapped Him and spat upon Him.


It is difficult to read about how the angry and blood-thirsty mob treated Jesus.   But it is important for us to understand.   Jesus kept on teaching all the way to the cross.   In the most difficult of circumstances, Jesus shows us His humility and how to “turn the other cheek."

It is not our place to retaliate.   If there is vengeance to be served, God will serve it, not us.   Consider the following two scriptures about vengeance:

  1. “Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written: ‘Vengeanceis Mine, I will repay,’ says the Lord.” – Romans 12:19,
  2. “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.    If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat also.” – Mathew 5:38-40.

Jesus is God’s Son.   He is deity.   He could have called 10,000 angels to set Him free.     And yet when they chanted, “Crucify Him!” He did not defend Himself.   When they slapped Him, He did not fight back.  

None of us will ever be put in the situation that Jesus was.   All of us, however, will be tested.   From time to time, we will find ourselves in situations where people are treating us poorly, and we may get the urge to retaliate in some way.   The Bible teaches us not to do that.   Jesus tells us that instead of retaliating when we are wronged, we are to “turn the other cheek.”

Consider the following scripture:

  • “Vengeance is Mine, and retribution, in due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity is near, and the impending things are hastening upon them.” – Deuteronomy 32:35.

Once again, vengeance does not belong to us; it belongs to God.


Chapter 19 also reveals how troubled Pilate seemed to be with the events that were taking place under his watch.

Here is a portion of the text from John 19:

Pilate: “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that I find no guilt in Him.” – John 19:4

The Chief Priests and Officers:“Crucify, crucify!” – John 19:6 (a).

Pilate: “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him.” – John 19:6 (b).

It appears from this text, that Pilate did not want to see Jesus crucified.   Maybe he even believed that Jesus was the Christ?   But Pilate did not have the strength to stand up to the raucous crowd, and instead, he gave into peer pressure.   

There is a lot of talk about peer pressure, and rightfully so.   Peer pressure is real, and as we just saw, it can lead us to do things that we do not want to do if we are not careful!

As Christians, we need to pray for the courage to remain true to our beliefs, even when others are pressuring us not to.   “Turning the other cheek” in situations like this is not easy.   It does, however, demonstrate our love to God and that brings Him glory!   

Others may try to get us to partake in the many sins of the world. This may include encouraging us to take vengeance when we know that the Bible says not to. Satanis a formidable adversary!   He knows our weaknesses, and he will try to tempt us in various ways throughout our lives.  

The good news is that if we resist the devil, he will eventually leave us and move on to other targets.  

  • “Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.” – James 4:7.


It is not our place to take vengeance. Vengeance belongs to God. If others try to convince us to commit an act of vengeance, we need to pause and remember what the Bible teaches us to do:

  • “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.    If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, let him have your coat also.” – Mathew 5:38-40.

We will conclude today’s lesson with a scripture taken from Jesus’ Sermon On The Mount that is commonly referred to as “The Beatitudes.”

  • “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.   Blessedare those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.   Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me.   Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in this same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” – Mathew 5:9-12.



Why did they offer Jesus sour wine?


There are several traditions about why Jesus was offered wine several times. Most hold that the first time Jesus was offered wine, it would have been mixed with gall - which would have a narcotic effect. Jesus refused this. He did not want to numb the pain.

The wine that he was offered just before He died was likely just cheap wine there for the soldiers to drink if they were thirsty. At this point, just moments before His death, Jesus had accomplished what He set out to do. He had taken all of the pain and suffering to pay for our sins.

Jesus was thirsty and took a sip, then gave up the ghost. That is what most studies say on the subject.

I hope that helps!


Amen. Praise God!!