Luke 19- Chapter Text - New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Zaccheus Converted

19 He entered Jericho and was passing through. And there was a man called by the name of Zaccheus; he was a chief tax collector and he was rich. Zaccheus was trying to see who Jesus was, and was unable because of the crowd, for he was small in stature. So he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree in order to see Him, for He was about to pass through that way. When Jesus came to the place, He looked up and said to him, “Zaccheus, hurry and come down, for today I must stay at your house.” And he hurried and came down and received Him gladly. When they saw it, they all began to grumble, saying, “He has gone to be the guest of a man who is a sinner.” Zaccheus stopped and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, half of my possessions I will give to the poor, and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will give back four times as much.” And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because he, too, is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”

Parable of Money Usage

11 While they were listening to these things, Jesus went on to tell a parable, because He was near Jerusalem, and they supposed that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately. 12 So He said, “A nobleman went to a distant country to receive a kingdom for himself, and then return. 13 And he called ten of his slaves, and gave them ten minas and said to them, ‘Do business with this until I come back.’14 But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’ 15 When he returned, after receiving the kingdom, he ordered that these slaves, to whom he had given the money, be called to him so that he might know what business they had done. 16 The first appeared, saying, ‘Master, your mina has made ten minas more.’ 17 And he said to him, ‘Well done, good slave, because you have been faithful in a very little thing, you are to be in authority over ten cities.’ 18 The second came, saying, ‘Your mina, master, has made five minas.’ 19 And he said to him also, ‘And you are to be over five cities.’ 20 Another came, saying, ‘Master, here is your mina, which I kept put away in a handkerchief; 21 for I was afraid of you, because you are an exacting man; you take up what you did not lay down and reap what you did not sow.’ 22 He said to him, ‘By your own words I will judge you, you worthless slave. Did you know that I am an exacting man, taking up what I did not lay down and reaping what I did not sow? 23 Then why did you not put my money in the bank, and having come, I would have collected it with interest?’ 24 Then he said to the bystanders, ‘Take the mina away from him and give it to the one who has the ten minas.’ 25 And they said to him, ‘Master, he has ten minas already.’ 26 I tell you that to everyone who has, more shall be given, but from the one who does not have, even what he does have shall be taken away.27 But these enemies of mine, who did not want me to reign over them, bring them here and slay them in my presence.”

Triumphal Entry

28 After He had said these things, He was going on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.

29 When He approached Bethphage and Bethany, near the mount that is called Olivet, He sent two of the disciples, 30 saying, “Go into the village ahead of you; there, as you enter, you will find a colt tied on which no one yet has ever sat; untie it and bring it here31 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ you shall say, ‘The Lord has need of it.’” 32 So those who were sent went away and found it just as He had told them. 33 As they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?” 34 They said, “The Lord has need of it.”35 They brought it to Jesus, and they threw their coats on the colt and put Jesus on it36 As He was going, they were spreading their coats on the road. 37 As soon as He was approaching, near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the miracles which they had seen,38 shouting:

Blessed is theKing who comes in the name of the Lord ;
Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”

39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.” 40 But Jesus answered, “I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!”

41 When He approached Jerusalem, He saw the city and wept over it,42 saying, “If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes. 43 For the days will come upon you when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, and surround you and hem you in on every side, 44 and they will level you to the ground and your children within you, and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation.”

Traders Driven from the Temple

45 Jesus entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling, 46 saying to them, “It is written, ‘ And My house shall be a house of prayer ,’ but you have made it a robbers ’ den .”

47 And He was teaching daily in the temple; but the chief priests and the scribes and the leading men among the people were trying to destroy Him, 48 and they could not find anything that they might do, for all the people were hanging on to every word He said.

Please read Virtual Bible Study's thoughts below, and then add your own thoughts, comments or questions to our discussion.  Our goal is to create an interactive experience for our members so that we can all learn from one another and rightly divide the word of God. 

Luke 19. BLOG PAGE

Luke 19 starts with a fascinating exchange between Jesus and a man called Zaccheus.  Zaccheus was a tax collector, and apparently was also short.  Luke says in verse 3, “Zaccheus was trying to see who Jesus was, and was unable because of the crowd, for he was small in stature.” 

Zaccheus was so determined to see Jesus that he climbed up a tree when he heard Jesus would be passing through.  Here’s what is really interesting, the next thing that Luke writes about is, “When Jesus came to the place, He looked up and said to him, “Zaccheus, hurry and come down, for today I must stay at your house.”

Why did Jesus choose Zaccheus’ house to stay at?  I believe that it may have been because Jesus was impressed that Zaccheus wanted to see Him as bad as he did, enough to climb a sycamore tree just to get a look.  There are several passages in the bible that say, “Your faith has made you whole.”  Could this be another example where Zaccheus’ faith had made him whole and led to him getting to host Jesus in his house?  The bible doesn’t say, but I believe that is most likely the case.

Zaccheus was a tax collector, a job that did not have a good reputation at all in that time.  Many tax collectors stole and abused their power.  Once again, the scribes and sinners would judge Jesus for associating with sinners.  As we study Jesus’ perfect example, we should remember that He was not afraid to be seen with known sinners.  Jesus did not think it was beneath Him to share His time with them.  As it says in Luke 5:32, “I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.” 

Another important observation is that Jesus did not change what He was doing based on what other people would say about Him or think of Him.  I pray that I will have the courage and strength to stay true to my convictions regardless of what others around me may say.  The devil can make that a real challenge sometimes, but following Jesus’s example, we know it is the right thing to do. 

Luke writes that Zaccheus hurried and came down and received Jesus gladly.  It looks like Jesus’ actions immediately pierced Zaccheus’ heart and he said, “Behold, Lord, half of my possessions I will give to the poor, and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will give back four times as much.”  Zaccheus seems to me like a good person doing bad things.  As soon as he had the hope that he got from knowing that Jesus was going to stay at his home, he turned away from his sinful life and wanted to make amends.  Sometimes we just need that little extra hope to bring out that good person that is inside of every one of us.  As it says in Genesis 1:27, “God created man in His own image.”  We can help others by sharing the Gospel and the hope that we have in Jesus.  1 Peter 3:15 says, “But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect.”

What if Jesus hadn’t given Zaccheus this chance?  Would Zaccheus have continued in his sinful life and been lost forever?  What if we don’t take the opportunities that we have to share the good news of Jesus?  We have tremendous power to influence other people.  When we are sharing the reasons for our faith and helping others to grow their faith, we know that we are doing an honorable thing. 

Chapter 19 also includes what is commonly called, “The Parable of the Talents”, or in the translation that we are using (NASB), “The Parable of the Minas.”  Both describe the same currency, and according to Google, a talent or mina would be worth approximately $1.4 Million US dollars as of 2018.  It was a lot of money. 

In this parable, Jesus talks about 3 separate people that received 10 minas each.  The first two put the money they had been given to work and gained additional minas.  The first made 10 additional minas, and the master said to him, “Well done, good slave, because you have been faithful in a very little thing, you are to be in authority over ten cities.”  The second made 5 additional minas.  The master said, “And you are to be over five cities.”  The third person did nothing with what they were given except to hide it.  The third person put the 10 minas in a handkerchief and when the master returned, they had gained nothing.  The master calls this person a worthless slave and takes away the 10 minas and gives them to the first person that had gained 10 additional minas.  The master says, “I tell you that to everyone who has, more shall be given, but from the one who does not have, even what he does have shall be taken away.”

The meaning of this parable to me is to use what we have been given to glorify God.  1 Peter 4:10 puts it this way, “Each of you should use whatever gift you have received to serve others, as faithful stewards of God’s grace in its various forms.” 

Chapter 19 ends with Jesus making His way into Jerusalem for what is referred to as, “The Triumphal Entry.”  Jesus was ready to fulfill all that was spoken of by the prophets and to die on the cross for the sins of the world.  As it says in John 3:16, “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” - Amen

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